Experience Requirements Overview

  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
  • Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
  • Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
  • Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

Education, Training and Experience

Required Level of Education: Post-Secondary Certificate - awarded for training completed after high school (for example, in agriculture or natural resources, computer services, personal or culinary services, engineering technologies, healthcare, construction trades, mechanic and repair technologies, or precision production)

Related Work Experience: Over 2 years, up to and including 4 years

On-Site or In-Plant Training: Over 1 month, up to and including 3 months

On-the-Job Training: Over 3 months, up to and including 6 months

Detailed Work Activities

  • Position patients for treatment or examination.
  • Monitor patient conditions during treatments, procedures, or activities.
  • Examine patients to assess general physical condition.
  • Care for women during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Prepare medical supplies or equipment for use.
  • Analyze patient data to determine patient needs or treatment goals.
  • Collect biological specimens from patients.
  • Evaluate patient functioning, capabilities, or health.
  • Develop medical treatment plans.
  • Analyze test data or images to inform diagnosis or treatment.
  • Collaborate with healthcare professionals to plan or provide treatment.
  • Diagnose medical conditions.
  • Refer patients to other healthcare practitioners or health resources.
  • Communicate detailed medical information to patients or family members.
  • Measure the physical or physiological attributes of patients.
  • Record patient medical histories.
  • Collect medical information from patients, family members, or other medical professionals.
  • Treat medical emergencies.
  • Provide health and wellness advice to patients, program participants, or caregivers.
  • Operate on patients to treat conditions.
  • Test biological specimens to gather information about patient conditions.
  • Analyze quantitative data to determine effectiveness of treatments or therapies.
  • Prepare official health documents or records.
  • Conduct research to increase knowledge about medical issues.
  • Communicate health and wellness information to the public.
  • Treat patients using alternative medical procedures.
  • Conduct diagnostic tests to determine patient health.
  • Assess physical conditions of patients to aid in diagnosis or treatment.

Work Values

Achievement

Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Working Conditions

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Recognition

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Relationships

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Support

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

Independence

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Tasks

  • Monitor maternal condition during labor by checking vital signs, monitoring uterine contractions, or performing physical examinations.
  • Identify tubal and ectopic pregnancies and refer patients for treatments.
  • Provide necessary medical care for infants at birth, including emergency care such as resuscitation.
  • Conduct ongoing prenatal health assessments, tracking changes in physical and emotional health.
  • Monitor fetal growth and well-being through heartbeat detection, body measurement, and palpation.
  • Establish and follow emergency or contingency plans for mothers and newborns.
  • Identify, monitor, or treat pregnancy-related problems such as hypertension, gestational diabetes, pre-term labor, or retarded fetal growth.
  • Obtain complete health and medical histories from patients including medical, surgical, reproductive, or mental health histories.
  • Evaluate patients' laboratory and medical records, requesting assistance from other practitioners when necessary.
  • Maintain documentation of all patients' contacts, reviewing and updating records as necessary.
  • Assess the status of post-date pregnancies to determine treatments and interventions.
  • Set up or monitor the administration of oxygen or medications.
  • Suture perineal lacerations.
  • Perform post-partum health assessments of mothers and babies at regular intervals.
  • Test patients' hemoglobin, hematocrit, and blood glucose levels.
  • Counsel women regarding the nutritional requirements of pregnancy.
  • Provide information about the physical and emotional processes involved in the pregnancy, labor, birth, and postpartum periods.
  • Refer patients to specialists for procedures such as ultrasounds or biophysical profiles.
  • Assist maternal patients to find physical positions that will facilitate childbirth.
  • Assess birthing environments to ensure cleanliness, safety, and the availability of appropriate supplies.
  • Incorporate research findings into practice as appropriate.
  • Estimate patients' due dates and re-evaluate as necessary based on examination results.
  • Provide comfort and relaxation measures for mothers in labor through interventions such as massage, breathing techniques, hydrotherapy, or music.
  • Provide, or refer patients to other providers for, education or counseling on topics such as genetic testing, newborn care, contraception, or breastfeeding.
  • Provide patients with contraceptive and family planning information.
  • Collect specimens for use in laboratory tests.
  • Inform patients of how to prepare and supply birth sites.
  • Respond to breech birth presentations by applying methods such as exercises or external version.
  • Perform annual gynecologic exams, including pap smears and breast exams.
  • Develop, implement, or evaluate individualized plans for midwifery care.
  • Recommend the use of vitamin and mineral supplements to enhance the health of patients and children.
  • Provide information about community health and social resources.
  • Compile and evaluate clinical practice statistics.
  • Treat patients' symptoms with alternative health care methods such as herbs or hydrotherapy.
  • Complete birth certificates.
  • Collaborate in research studies.

Work Styles

Achievement/Effort

Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.

Persistence

Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

Initiative

Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

Leadership

Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

Cooperation

Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

Concern for Others

Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

Social Orientation

Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

Self-Control

Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

Stress Tolerance

Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high-stress situations.

Adaptability/Flexibility

Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

Dependability

Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

Attention to Detail

Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

Integrity

Job requires being honest and ethical.

Independence

Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

Innovation

Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

Analytical Thinking

Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

Data Source: This page includes information from the O*NET 28.0 Database by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration (USDOL/ETA). Used under the CC BY 4.0 license. O*NET® is a trademark of USDOL/ETA. This page includes Employment Projections program, Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics program, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.