Low Vision Therapists, Orientation and Mobility Specialists, and Vision Rehabilitation Therapists

low vision therapy.webp
$93,180 Median Wage (2022)
9,600 Projected job openings (2022-2032)
11.50% Projected growth (2022-2032)

Provide therapy to patients with visual impairments to improve their functioning in daily life activities. May train patients in activities such as computer use, communication skills, or home management skills.

Experience Requirements Overview

  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
  • Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
  • Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
  • Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

Education, Training and Experience

Required Level of Education: Master's Degree

Related Work Experience: N.A.

On-Site or In-Plant Training: N.A.

On-the-Job Training: Over 3 months, up to and including 6 months

Detailed Work Activities

  • Instruct patients in the use of assistive equipment.
  • Refer patients to other healthcare practitioners or health resources.
  • Train caregivers or other non-medical personnel.
  • Maintain medical or professional knowledge.
  • Maintain medical equipment or instruments.
  • Prepare healthcare training materials.
  • Collaborate with healthcare professionals to plan or provide treatment.
  • Analyze patient data to determine patient needs or treatment goals.
  • Train patients, family members, or caregivers in techniques for managing disabilities or illnesses.
  • Monitor patient progress or responses to treatments.
  • Prepare reports summarizing patient diagnostic or care activities.
  • Develop treatment plans that use non-medical therapies.
  • Evaluate patient functioning, capabilities, or health.
  • Diagnose medical conditions.
  • Recommend types of assistive devices.
  • Advocate for individual or community needs.
  • Teach life skills or strategies to clients or their families.

Work Values

Achievement

Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Working Conditions

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Recognition

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Relationships

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Support

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

Independence

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Tasks

  • Teach cane skills, including cane use with a guide, diagonal techniques, and two-point touches.
  • Recommend appropriate mobility devices or systems, such as human guides, dog guides, long canes, electronic travel aids (ETAs), and other adaptive mobility devices (AMDs).
  • Train clients with visual impairments to use mobility devices or systems, such as human guides, dog guides, electronic travel aids (ETAs), and other adaptive mobility devices (AMDs).
  • Develop rehabilitation or instructional plans collaboratively with clients, based on results of assessments, needs, and goals.
  • Write reports or complete forms to document assessments, training, progress, or follow-up outcomes.
  • Train clients to use tactile, auditory, kinesthetic, olfactory, and proprioceptive information.
  • Assess clients' functioning in areas such as vision, orientation and mobility skills, social and emotional issues, cognition, physical abilities, and personal goals.
  • Teach clients to travel independently, using a variety of actual or simulated travel situations or exercises.
  • Teach self-advocacy skills to clients.
  • Provide consultation, support, or education to groups such as parents and teachers.
  • Teach independent living skills or techniques, such as adaptive eating, medication management, diabetes management, and personal management.
  • Monitor clients' progress to determine whether changes in rehabilitation plans are needed.
  • Identify visual impairments related to basic life skills in areas such as self care, literacy, communication, health management, home management, and meal preparation.
  • Design instructional programs to improve communication, using devices such as slates and styluses, braillers, keyboards, adaptive handwriting devices, talking book machines, digital books, and optical character readers (OCRs).
  • Train clients to use adaptive equipment, such as large print, reading stands, lamps, writing implements, software, and electronic devices.
  • Participate in professional development activities, such as reading literature, continuing education, attending conferences, and collaborating with colleagues.
  • Obtain, distribute, or maintain low vision devices.
  • Collaborate with specialists, such as rehabilitation counselors, speech pathologists, and occupational therapists, to provide client solutions.
  • Refer clients to services, such as eye care, health care, rehabilitation, and counseling, to enhance visual and life functioning or when condition exceeds scope of practice.
  • Administer tests and interpret test results to develop rehabilitation plans for clients.
  • Train clients to read or write Braille.

Work Styles

Social Orientation

Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

Achievement/Effort

Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.

Persistence

Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

Initiative

Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

Leadership

Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

Cooperation

Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

Concern for Others

Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

Self-Control

Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

Stress Tolerance

Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high-stress situations.

Adaptability/Flexibility

Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

Dependability

Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

Attention to Detail

Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

Integrity

Job requires being honest and ethical.

Independence

Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

Innovation

Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

Analytical Thinking

Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

Data Source: This page includes information from the O*NET 28.0 Database by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration (USDOL/ETA). Used under the CC BY 4.0 license. O*NET® is a trademark of USDOL/ETA. This page includes Employment Projections program, Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics program, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.