Experience Requirements Overview

  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
  • Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
  • Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
  • Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

Education, Training and Experience

Required Level of Education: Doctoral Degree

Related Work Experience: Over 1 year, up to and including 2 years

On-Site or In-Plant Training: N.A.

On-the-Job Training: Anything beyond short demonstration, up to and including 1 month

Detailed Work Activities

  • Train patients, family members, or caregivers in techniques for managing disabilities or illnesses.
  • Analyze test data or images to inform diagnosis or treatment.
  • Enter patient or treatment data into computers.
  • Maintain medical or professional knowledge.
  • Conduct research to increase knowledge about medical issues.
  • Present medical research reports.
  • Develop medical treatment plans.
  • Collaborate with healthcare professionals to plan or provide treatment.
  • Test patient hearing.
  • Examine patients to assess general physical condition.
  • Operate diagnostic or therapeutic medical instruments or equipment.
  • Merchandise healthcare products or services.
  • Recommend types of assistive devices.
  • Adjust prostheses or other assistive devices.
  • Advise medical personnel regarding healthcare issues.
  • Communicate health and wellness information to the public.
  • Monitor patient progress or responses to treatments.
  • Inspect work environments to ensure safety.
  • Conduct health or safety training programs.
  • Refer patients to other healthcare practitioners or health resources.
  • Manage healthcare operations.
  • Record patient medical histories.
  • Administer basic health care or medical treatments.
  • Train medical providers.
  • Supervise patient care personnel.
  • Develop health assessment methods or programs.

Work Values

Achievement

Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Working Conditions

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Recognition

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Relationships

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Support

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

Independence

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Tasks

  • Maintain patient records at all stages, including initial and subsequent evaluation and treatment activities.
  • Evaluate hearing and balance disorders to determine diagnoses and courses of treatment.
  • Fit, dispense, and repair assistive devices, such as hearing aids.
  • Administer hearing tests and examine patients to collect information on type and degree of impairment, using specialized instruments and electronic equipment.
  • Monitor patients' progress and provide ongoing observation of hearing or balance status.
  • Instruct patients, parents, teachers, or employers in communication strategies to maximize effective receptive communication.
  • Counsel and instruct patients and their families in techniques to improve hearing and communication related to hearing loss.
  • Refer patients to additional medical or educational services, if needed.
  • Participate in conferences or training to update or share knowledge of new hearing or balance disorder treatment methods or technologies.
  • Examine and clean patients' ear canals.
  • Recommend assistive devices according to patients' needs or nature of impairments.
  • Advise educators or other medical staff on hearing or balance topics.
  • Program and monitor cochlear implants to fit the needs of patients.
  • Educate and supervise audiology students and health care personnel.
  • Plan and conduct treatment programs for patients' hearing or balance problems, consulting with educators, physicians, nurses, psychologists, speech-language pathologists, and other health care personnel, as necessary.
  • Work with multidisciplinary teams to assess and rehabilitate recipients of implanted hearing devices through auditory training and counseling.
  • Conduct or direct research on hearing or balance topics and report findings to help in the development of procedures, technology, or treatments.
  • Perform administrative tasks, such as managing office functions and finances.
  • Provide information to the public on hearing or balance topics.
  • Engage in marketing activities, such as developing marketing plans, to promote business for private practices.
  • Measure noise levels in workplaces and conduct hearing conservation programs in industry, military, schools, and communities.
  • Develop and supervise hearing screening programs.

Work Styles

Leadership

Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

Achievement/Effort

Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.

Persistence

Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

Initiative

Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

Cooperation

Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

Concern for Others

Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

Social Orientation

Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

Self-Control

Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

Stress Tolerance

Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high-stress situations.

Adaptability/Flexibility

Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

Dependability

Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

Attention to Detail

Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

Integrity

Job requires being honest and ethical.

Independence

Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

Innovation

Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

Analytical Thinking

Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

Data Source: This page includes information from the O*NET 28.0 Database by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration (USDOL/ETA). Used under the CC BY 4.0 license. O*NET® is a trademark of USDOL/ETA. This page includes Employment Projections program, Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics program, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.