Experience Requirements Overview

  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
  • Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
  • Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
  • Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

Education, Training and Experience

Required Level of Education: Master's Degree

Related Work Experience: Over 1 year, up to and including 2 years

On-Site or In-Plant Training: Up to and including 1 month

On-the-Job Training: Over 1 month, up to and including 3 months

Detailed Work Activities

  • Analyze quantitative data to determine effectiveness of treatments or therapies.
  • Analyze patient data to determine patient needs or treatment goals.
  • Evaluate patient outcomes to determine effectiveness of treatments.
  • Communicate test or assessment results to medical professionals.
  • Treat patients using psychological therapies.
  • Collaborate with healthcare professionals to plan or provide treatment.
  • Develop treatment plans that use non-medical therapies.
  • Establish treatment goals.
  • Monitor patient progress or responses to treatments.
  • Record patient medical histories.
  • Interact with patients to build rapport or provide emotional support.
  • Prepare reports summarizing patient diagnostic or care activities.
  • Communicate health and wellness information to the public.
  • Gather medical information from patient histories.
  • Collect medical information from patients, family members, or other medical professionals.
  • Order medical supplies or equipment.
  • Maintain medical or professional knowledge.
  • Select medical equipment for addressing patient needs.
  • Prepare medical supplies or equipment for use.
  • Supervise patient care personnel.
  • Train caregivers or other non-medical personnel.

Work Values

Achievement

Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Working Conditions

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Recognition

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Relationships

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Support

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

Independence

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Tasks

  • Observe and document client reactions, progress, or other outcomes related to art therapy.
  • Design art therapy sessions or programs to meet client's goals or objectives.
  • Conduct art therapy sessions, providing guided self-expression experiences to help clients recover from, or cope with, cognitive, emotional, or physical impairments.
  • Confer with other professionals on client's treatment team to develop, coordinate, or integrate treatment plans.
  • Assess client needs or disorders, using drawing, painting, sculpting, or other artistic processes.
  • Talk with clients during art or other therapy sessions to build rapport, acknowledge their progress, or reflect upon their reactions to the artistic process.
  • Develop individualized treatment plans that incorporate studio art therapy, counseling, or psychotherapy techniques.
  • Write treatment plans, case summaries, or progress or other reports related to individual clients or client groups.
  • Select or prepare artistic media or related equipment or devices to accomplish therapy session objectives.
  • Analyze or synthesize client data to draw conclusions or make recommendations for art therapy.
  • Interpret the artistic creations of clients to assess their functioning, needs, or progress.
  • Customize art therapy programs for specific client populations, such as those in schools, nursing homes, wellness centers, prisons, shelters, or hospitals.
  • Communicate client assessment findings and recommendations in oral, written, audio, video, or other forms.
  • Establish goals or objectives for art therapy sessions in consultation with clients or site administrators.
  • Recommend or purchase needed art supplies or equipment.
  • Supervise staff, volunteers, practicum students, or interns.
  • Gather client information from sources such as case documentation, client observation, or interviews of client or family members.
  • Instruct individuals or groups in the use of art media, such as paint, clay, or yarn.
  • Analyze data to determine the effectiveness of treatments or therapy approaches.
  • Review research or literature in art therapy, psychology, or related disciplines.
  • Conduct information sharing sessions, such as in-service workshops for other professionals, potential client groups, or the general community.
  • Teach art therapy techniques or processes to artists, interns, volunteers, or others.
  • Photograph or videotape client artwork for inclusion in client records or for promotional purposes.
  • Coordinate art showcases to display artwork produced by clients.
  • Coordinate field trips for client groups to museums or other public displays of art.

Work Styles

Achievement/Effort

Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.

Persistence

Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

Initiative

Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

Leadership

Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

Cooperation

Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

Concern for Others

Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

Social Orientation

Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

Self-Control

Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

Stress Tolerance

Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high-stress situations.

Adaptability/Flexibility

Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

Dependability

Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

Attention to Detail

Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

Integrity

Job requires being honest and ethical.

Independence

Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

Innovation

Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

Analytical Thinking

Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

Data Source: This page includes information from the O*NET 28.0 Database by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration (USDOL/ETA). Used under the CC BY 4.0 license. O*NET® is a trademark of USDOL/ETA. This page includes Employment Projections program, Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics program, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.