Experience Requirements Overview

  • Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
  • A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
  • Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
  • Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.

Education, Training and Experience

Required Level of Education: Bachelor's Degree

Related Work Experience: Over 6 months, up to and including 1 year

On-Site or In-Plant Training: Over 1 month, up to and including 3 months

On-the-Job Training: Over 1 month, up to and including 3 months

Detailed Work Activities

  • Prepare technical reports for internal use.
  • Prepare proposal documents.
  • Update technical knowledge.
  • Conduct validation tests of equipment or processes.
  • Create models of engineering designs or methods.
  • Recommend technical design or process changes to improve efficiency, quality, or performance.
  • Provide technical guidance to other personnel.
  • Research energy production, use, or conservation.
  • Design energy-efficient vehicles or vehicle components.
  • Analyze green technology design requirements.
  • Create physical models or prototypes.
  • Design materials for industrial or commercial applications.
  • Conduct quantitative failure analyses of operational data.
  • Devise research or testing protocols.
  • Design alternative energy systems.
  • Analyze costs and benefits of proposed designs or projects.
  • Analyze test or validation data.
  • Operate industrial equipment.
  • Implement design or process improvements.
  • Prepare detailed work plans.
  • Confer with technical personnel to prepare designs or operational plans.
  • Coordinate activities with suppliers, contractors, clients, or other departments.
  • Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products.
  • Test green technologies or processes.
  • Determine design criteria or specifications.
  • Evaluate the characteristics of green technologies.
  • Develop technical methods or processes.
  • Investigate the environmental impact of projects.

Work Values

Achievement

Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Working Conditions

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Recognition

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Relationships

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Support

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

Independence

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Tasks

  • Plan or conduct experiments to validate new materials, optimize startup protocols, reduce conditioning time, or examine contaminant tolerance.
  • Provide technical consultation or direction related to the development or production of fuel cell systems.
  • Characterize component or fuel cell performances by generating operating maps, defining operating conditions, identifying design refinements, or executing durability assessments.
  • Plan or implement fuel cell cost reduction or product improvement projects in collaboration with other engineers, suppliers, support personnel, or customers.
  • Conduct fuel cell testing projects, using fuel cell test stations, analytical instruments, or electrochemical diagnostics, such as cyclic voltammetry or impedance spectroscopy.
  • Analyze fuel cell or related test data, using statistical software.
  • Conduct post-service or failure analyses, using electromechanical diagnostic principles or procedures.
  • Define specifications for fuel cell materials.
  • Recommend or implement changes to fuel cell system designs.
  • Validate design of fuel cells, fuel cell components, or fuel cell systems.
  • Read current literature, attend meetings or conferences, or talk with colleagues to stay abreast of new technology or competitive products.
  • Prepare test stations, instrumentation, or data acquisition systems for use in specific tests of fuel cell components or systems.
  • Develop fuel cell materials or fuel cell test equipment.
  • Fabricate prototypes of fuel cell components, assemblies, stacks, or systems.
  • Manage fuel cell battery hybrid system architecture, including sizing of components, such as fuel cells, energy storage units, or electric drives.
  • Design or implement fuel cell testing or development programs.
  • Write technical reports or proposals related to engineering projects.
  • Simulate or model fuel cell, motor, or other system information, using simulation software programs.
  • Design fuel cell systems, subsystems, stacks, assemblies, or components, such as electric traction motors or power electronics.
  • Identify or define vehicle and system integration challenges for fuel cell vehicles.
  • Calculate the efficiency or power output of a fuel cell system or process.
  • Coordinate fuel cell engineering or test schedules with departments outside engineering, such as manufacturing.
  • Authorize release of fuel cell parts, components, or subsystems for production.
  • Evaluate the power output, system cost, or environmental impact of new hydrogen or non-hydrogen fuel cell system designs.
  • Integrate electric drive subsystems with other vehicle systems to optimize performance or mitigate faults.
  • Develop or evaluate systems or methods of hydrogen storage for fuel cell applications.

Work Styles

Achievement/Effort

Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.

Persistence

Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

Initiative

Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

Leadership

Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

Cooperation

Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

Concern for Others

Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

Social Orientation

Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

Self-Control

Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

Stress Tolerance

Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high-stress situations.

Adaptability/Flexibility

Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

Dependability

Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

Attention to Detail

Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

Integrity

Job requires being honest and ethical.

Independence

Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

Innovation

Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

Analytical Thinking

Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

Data Source: This page includes information from the O*NET 28.0 Database by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration (USDOL/ETA). Used under the CC BY 4.0 license. O*NET® is a trademark of USDOL/ETA. This page includes Employment Projections program, Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics program, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.