Experience Requirements Overview

  • Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
  • A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
  • Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
  • Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.

Education, Training and Experience

Required Level of Education: Bachelor's Degree

Related Work Experience: Over 4 years, up to and including 6 years

On-Site or In-Plant Training: N.A.

On-the-Job Training: Over 6 months, up to and including 1 year

Detailed Work Activities

  • Analyze jobs using observation, survey, or interview techniques.
  • Monitor organizational compliance with regulations.
  • Advise others on human resources topics.
  • Establish business management methods.
  • Maintain personnel records.
  • Prepare operational reports.
  • Oversee business processes.
  • Arrange collective bargaining agreements.
  • Analyze business or financial data.
  • Evaluate effectiveness of personnel policies or practices.
  • Inform individuals or organizations of status or findings.
  • Verify application data to determine program eligibility.
  • Train personnel in organizational or compliance procedures.
  • Conduct surveys in organizations.
  • Communicate with government agencies.
  • Prepare research reports.
  • Market products, services, or events.

Work Values

Achievement

Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Working Conditions

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Recognition

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Relationships

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Support

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

Independence

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Tasks

  • Evaluate job positions, determining classification, exempt or non-exempt status, and salary.
  • Ensure company compliance with federal and state laws, including reporting requirements.
  • Prepare occupational classifications, job descriptions, and salary scales.
  • Provide advice on the resolution of classification and salary complaints.
  • Research job and worker requirements, structural and functional relationships among jobs and occupations, and occupational trends.
  • Advise managers and employees on state and federal employment regulations, collective agreements, benefit and compensation policies, personnel procedures, and classification programs.
  • Perform multifactor data and cost analyses that may be used in areas such as support of collective bargaining agreements.
  • Prepare reports, such as organization and flow charts and career path reports, to summarize job analysis and evaluation and compensation analysis information.
  • Plan, develop, evaluate, improve, and communicate methods and techniques for selecting, promoting, compensating, evaluating, and training workers.
  • Assess need for and develop job analysis instruments and materials.
  • Consult with, or serve as, technical liaison between business, industry, government, and union officials.
  • Observe, interview, and survey employees and conduct focus group meetings to collect job, organizational, and occupational information.
  • Assist in preparing and maintaining personnel records and handbooks.
  • Analyze organizational, occupational, and industrial data to facilitate organizational functions and provide technical information to business, industry, and government.
  • Administer employee insurance, pension, and savings plans, working with insurance brokers and plan carriers.
  • Research employee benefit and health and safety practices, and recommend changes or modifications to existing policies.
  • Develop, implement, administer, and evaluate personnel and labor relations programs, including performance appraisal, affirmative action, and employment equity programs.
  • Advise staff of individuals' qualifications.
  • Negotiate collective agreements on behalf of employers or workers, and mediate labor disputes and grievances.
  • Review occupational data on Alien Employment Certification Applications to determine the appropriate occupational title and code, and provide local offices with information about immigration and occupations.
  • Plan and develop curricula and materials for training programs and conduct training.
  • Work with the Department of Labor and promote its use with employers.
  • Prepare research results for publication in form of journals, books, manuals, and film.
  • Speak at conferences and events to promote apprenticeships and related training programs.

Work Styles

Achievement/Effort

Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.

Persistence

Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

Initiative

Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

Leadership

Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

Cooperation

Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

Concern for Others

Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

Social Orientation

Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

Self-Control

Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

Stress Tolerance

Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high-stress situations.

Adaptability/Flexibility

Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

Dependability

Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

Attention to Detail

Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

Integrity

Job requires being honest and ethical.

Independence

Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

Innovation

Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

Analytical Thinking

Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

Data Source: This page includes information from the O*NET 28.0 Database by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration (USDOL/ETA). Used under the CC BY 4.0 license. O*NET® is a trademark of USDOL/ETA. This page includes Employment Projections program, Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics program, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.